These Are The Most Common Types of English Last Names

Have you always been puzzled about your last name? Does it actually mean something and you wonder where it originates from? Is your name English? If the answer is yes, it could actually say a lot about you and your ancestors. Discover the meaning behind these 7 types of surname and learn more about yours.


Many of us have last names that were passed down from English ancestors. If you know that your family comes from English or if your last name is pronounceable in English and you can actually recognize one or many words from the standard English vocabulary, it could tell you quite a bit about the history of your lineage.

Surnames were not commonly used until the 1060s, but when the population started to grow, it made it necessary to be more specific when referring to someone. At first, appellations were mere description such as Thomas the Baker, Norman son of Richard, Henry the Whitehead, Elizabeth of the Field, and Joan of York. These descriptions were then turned into the surnames we now know and use. There are perhaps 45,000 different English surnames, but most had their origins as one of these seven types.

6Describing a Personal Characteristic

Some names come from adjectives based on nicknames that described a person. They might have been about a person’s size, color, or any other noteworthy character trait. For example, someone named Peacock might have been considered vain. Other example of characteristic name are : Short, Long, Little, Black, White, Green, or Red, which could have evolved into Reed, Stern, Strong, Swift and more.